Oracle表空间过大时候的处理

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所属分类:Linux-数据库
摘要

先查看Oracle所有表空间的数据使用情况 SELECT Upper(F.TABLESPACE_NAME) “表空间名”, D.TOT_GROOTTE_MB

先查看Oracle所有表空间的数据使用情况

SELECT Upper(F.TABLESPACE_NAME) "表空间名", D.TOT_GROOTTE_MB "表空间大小(M)", D.TOT_GROOTTE_MB - F.TOTAL_BYTES "已使用空间(M)", To_char(Round(( D.TOT_GROOTTE_MB - F.TOTAL_BYTES ) / D.TOT_GROOTTE_MB * 100, 2), '990.99') || '%' "使用比", F.TOTAL_BYTES "空闲空间(M)", F.MAX_BYTES "最大块(M)" FROM (SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, Round(Sum(BYTES) / ( 1024 * 1024 ), 2) TOTAL_BYTES, Round(Max(BYTES) / ( 1024 * 1024 ), 2) MAX_BYTES FROM SYS.DBA_FREE_SPACE GROUP BY TABLESPACE_NAME) F, (SELECT DD.TABLESPACE_NAME, Round(Sum(DD.BYTES) / ( 1024 * 1024 ), 2) TOT_GROOTTE_MB FROM SYS.DBA_DATA_FILES DD GROUP BY DD.TABLESPACE_NAME) D WHERE D.TABLESPACE_NAME = F.TABLESPACE_NAME ORDER BY 1

–查询使用空间比较大的前15个表

select a.* from( select owner,segment_name,SEGMENT_TYPE, round(bytes/1024/1024/1024,2) all_size from dba_segments where SEGMENT_TYPE='TABLE' order by all_size desc ) a where rownum <15;

—查表空间对应数据文件大小

select t1.name, t2.name,Round(t2.BYTES / ( 1024 * 1024 ), 2) "大小(M)"
  from v$tablespace t1, v$datafile t2
 where t1.ts# = t2.ts#
 order by 1,3

**

开始处理

**

—-清理回收站

purge recyclebin;
Purge recyclebin;--清空当前用户的回收站
Purge dba_recyclebin;--清空所有用户的回收站

—-从truncate sys.aud$想到的删除大表的方法

—查看数据库审计情况(NONE为没有开启审计)

SQL> show parameter  audit_trail 

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
audit_trail                          string      DB

—-最后直接处理

(1) truncate table aud$ ; 释放SYSTEM表空间的大小

SQL> alter table xx_xlog enable row movement;
Table altered


SQL> alter table xx_xlog shrink space compact;
Table altered


SQL> alter table xx_xlog shrink space;
Table altered

释放表所占用空间的大小

确认以下表清单为不用保留数据表

truncate table JXNCPC.XX_XLOG reuse storage; 
truncate table JXPC141224.XX_XLOG reuse storage;
truncate table TEST001.XX_XLOG reuse storage;
truncate table NCJXPC2013.XX_XLOG reuse storage;
truncate table NCJXPC2014.XX_XLOG reuse storage;
truncate table NCJXPCTEMP.XX_XLOG reuse storage;
truncate table NCJXPCERP.XX_XLOG reuse storage;


alter table JXNCPC.XX_XLOG enable row movement;
alter table JXPC141224.XX_XLOG enable row movement;
alter table TEST001.XX_XLOG enable row movement;
alter table NCJXPC2013.XX_XLOG enable row movement;
alter table NCJXPC2014.XX_XLOG enable row movement;
alter table NCJXPCTEMP.XX_XLOG enable row movement;
alter table NCJXPCERP.XX_XLOG enable row movement;




alter table JXNCPC.XX_XLOG shrink space compact; 
alter table JXPC141224.XX_XLOG shrink space compact;
alter table TEST001.XX_XLOG shrink space compact;
alter table NCJXPC2013.XX_XLOG shrink space compact;
alter table NCJXPC2014.XX_XLOG shrink space compact;
alter table NCJXPCTEMP.XX_XLOG shrink space compact;
alter table NCJXPCERP.XX_XLOG shrink space compact;




alter table JXNCPC.XX_XLOG shrink space; 
alter table JXPC141224.XX_XLOG shrink space;
alter table TEST001.XX_XLOG shrink space;
alter table NCJXPC2013.XX_XLOG shrink space;
alter table NCJXPC2014.XX_XLOG shrink space;
alter table NCJXPCTEMP.XX_XLOG shrink space;
alter table NCJXPCERP.XX_XLOG shrink space;



----
truncate table JXNCPC.SM_OPERATELOG;
truncate table JXPC141224.SM_OPERATELOG; 
truncate table TEST001.SM_OPERATELOG;    
truncate table NCJXPCTEMP.SM_OPERATELOG;     
truncate table NCJXPCERP.SM_OPERATELOG;  
truncate table NCJXPC2013.SM_OPERATELOG;     
truncate table NCJXPC2014.SM_OPERATELOG;    

释放表存储空间

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